Landscaping With Concrete & Natural Paver Patio Designs

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Landscaping With Concrete & Natural Paver Patio Designs

Concrete, natural stone, and brick pavers are commonly used to create a more beautiful outdoor space. An increasing number of residential and commercial property owners are using pavers to construct driveways, patio spaces, and pathways in their yards. Read on to learn more about the paver materials and design considerations that are offered by most landscape design companies.

Paver Materials

Concrete: Concrete pavers come in a range of sizes, colors, and textures and are typically moderately priced. A series of interlocking pavers makes it easy to produce a harmonious design. Further, pavers offer aesthetic details that can’t be obtained with the use of concrete slabs.

Brick: Brick pavers are a classic choice for property owners. When compared to concrete and asphalt, they are less prone to cracking. As far as cost is concerned, brick pavers are moderately priced.

Natural Stone: Natural stone pavers can be made of marble, granite, or flagstone. The cost of natural stone is typically higher than that of other paver materials.
Asphalt: Asphalt is an excellent option for property owners looking for the lowest cost paver solution. Concrete Polishing By Paradigm

Paver Design

When designing with pavers, it is important to consider the look of each individual paver, as well as the final result, whether it is a driveway, path, or patio. When creating the overall design, we consider:

Shape: Will the patio or driveway have a curved shaped or more angular lines? This decision is typically based on the area in which we are building and the homeowner’s personal preferences.

Pattern: Do you want the driveway or patio to have a distinct border? Do you want one pattern combination or multiple pattern combinations? Do you prefer the pavers to be lined up side-by-side or offset? Paver contractors can go over each of these possibilities during your design consultation.

Spacing: Instead of using interlocking pavers, many homeowners choose to have individual pavers set in rocks or with grass growing around them.

In additional to the overall look of the design, each individual paver has its own set of physical characteristics:

Color: Your design can incorporate one color, or a base color and border color.
Texture: Pavers come in smooth or textured surfaces.
Size and shape: The size and shape of the pavers should complement the space and overall design.

Overall, when you are trying to select the pavers that are right for your home, consider what the pavers will be used for. Some pavers are better suited to borders and edging that do not get a lot of traffic. Others are capable of supporting greater amounts of weight, and therefore can accommodate vehicles and pedestrians. Be sure to talk to your paver contractor to determine which pavers are best for your property.

Complementary Hardscaping Features

Some of the most common hardscaping features that are found with the use of pavers include:

Pools and hit tubs: The ideal home is equipped with a fabulous pool and hot tub. Pavers of all types may be used to surround the pool and create a modern patio area near the pool.

Decks: A wood deck may be built in combination with the placement of pavers. Most landscape contractors can create outdoor spaces that incorporate the traditional look of wood and the contemporary look of pavers.

Outdoor kitchens: An outdoor kitchen is a great complement to a pool, deck, and paver patio. Today’s outdoor kitchens don’t just include a barbeque. They often include a stove, sink, preparation area, dishwasher, cupboards, and just about any other amenity that can be found in an indoor kitchen.

Flooring/Home Decor

Inspiration for paving your patio with concrete

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Inspiration for paving your patio with concrete


According to manufacturers, the best type of concrete to use in patios is the pre-blended mixture of sand and gravel. The reason for this is that it is the most durable concrete, thereby robust enough to resist cracking. Furthermore, it is usually advisable to use concrete because if you compare with other paving stones, it is a lot cheaper. Approximately concrete costs $7-$10 per square foot while paving stones cost $9-$14 per square foot. It is thus evident the tremendous saving you make by opting for concrete rather than paving stones.

When you have a concrete patio for a while, there are ways you can make it look better by doing several things like painting pattern or add a beautiful outdoor rug. Here are some inspirations on how to pave your patio with concrete.

Prepare Your Budget

Depending on the size of the patio you want, you need to calculate the concrete you need. Using concrete is usually cheaper as compared to other options; but you will still need to plan. There is an easy to use online concrete calculator this calculator asks for what shape of patio do you want. Whether it is square, rectangle, circle, this calculator provides you with an estimate of the concrete you will need, and you can easily calculate the money required.

Mark The Area

Before you decide on what you want your patio to look like, it is essential to consider which part of your property you would like the patio to be. While deciding where you want your patio to be, if you want privacy, you need to make sure that you have that place. Patios have deferent shapes; you can decide on a curve patio that looks very beautiful. However, if you are going for a square or rectangular, it can be challenging doing the slab. After making all the decisions, make sure that its sizes are right for the patio.

Preparing The Area

It would be best if you prepared your patio area; you do this digging a bed. Your complete patio’s surface level should be dug 150mm. This is to make sure that the soil is evenly compacted. After doing this, lay a compacted sub-base of 100mm and cover the area with a concrete mix. It is important that the patio had a thickness of 4 inches, although if you have furniture, it should be 6 inches or 8 inches, especially where the furniture will be.

Add The Sub-Base Layer

To have its best performance, you should lay around 70mm of uncompacted hardcore to be left with 50 mm when compacted. This is because it needs to be well-drained and dried before concrete is added. If the sub-base layer is unstable, then the concrete will gate wasted, and it will end up affecting your whole project. So you should be cautious and make sure that the sub-layer is completely dry.

Mix The Concrete

Mixing concrete can be a challenging task; this is because if you don’t know to do it, you can easily ruin it. This is because if you add to much water, you will weaken your mixture, so you gradually need to add water. To mix your concrete, you can use a bucket or a wheelbarrow; you can mix it using a shovel. The concrete should be thick, and if it is crumbly is too dry, and you need to continue adding water. To make this work more comfortable, you can separate the concrete into three segments.

Laying The Slabs

Before continuing with anything thing yet, it is you should wear a knee pad and gloves to avoid burns from the wet cement. First, dampen your patio slabs, so they do not dry out your concrete too quickly, and when lowering, it ensures that you are very careful. You should separate the slabs with a gap of 8mm to 10mm and wait for about 24 hours for the concrete to set.

Fill The Joints

When the cement has dried, you can fill in the gaps between the slabs. You can fill in these gaps by using paving stones, cobbles, or even tiles. However, you can also use cement and water to fill in these gaps.

Slabs stain very quickly, so be careful not to ruin them. After filling in the joints, you should not step on the patio for 24 to 48 hours. For your new patio to be on full strength, it takes concrete about 28 days to dry up.

Inspiration for paving your patio with concrete

Curing Concrete

Fresh concrete is susceptible, and you need to ensure it doesn’t dry up since it leads to the concrete hardening. After your concrete has been poured, it is very easy to cure it. First, you must ensure that you maintain its proper dampness. You can achieve this by covering the slab with a plastic sheet. Depending on the weather concrete takes about a month for it to reach its full strength. Between 24 to 48 hours, you can walk on the surface because it has already set, but it is advisable to let it reach full advantage.

Finishing touches

Since you have done most of the work, make sure that everything is, so there’s no residue on the surface. You can also opt to dig a gutter and fill it with pebbles to neaten up the place. Also please checkout san jose epoxy garages for latest garage floors ideas and designs.


As you have seen, the process of paving your patio takes a lot of steps you can do it yourself or hire a skilled professional to offer you their expertise. With concrete more robust and durable, it is a more popular among most individuals. Depending on how you install your concrete, it can stay for 30 to 100 years, and it is durable in any environment. Concrete is low maintenance and does not burn or rot and is resilient to fire, earthquakes, and water.

Home Decor

Success in roofing SEO Website Promotion

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Success in roofing SEO Website Promotion

They can also determine areas that may potentially become a difficulty in the foreseeable future and provide measures roofing SEO to keep up and repair these locations too to greatly increase industrial roofing surfaces with an inexpensive remedy, though skilled industrial roof covering organizations supply a selection of rooftop design and restoration services. Commercial offered roofing companies check out and assess the number of water injuries towards the roof and may come up with the estimate for area restoration or complete remodeling of roofs created from various types of supplies and surfaces to prevent and after that protect against leaks by providing waterproofing and installation of new surfacing rather than an older roof covering. The breakthroughs in materials science allow building contractors to discover the materials and composition how the aged roofing SEO is made of, that can permit them to specifically determine the basis reason for the program malfunction and to devise ways to supply new construction that is to be a property to new innovative creating resources and techniques. To be able to make up almost everything that needs to be completed in the most efficient and time protecting way, after a professional roofing company has calculated the scope and degree of house fix job, they will likely proceed to put together the fee calculate assessment.

To avoid high priced companies, companies and repair must take a step in protective servicing and typical examination professional services, which is often offered by similar roofer companies at a lower rate than the key restoration of leaking types of surface and damage repair requires.

Tips for the sort of roofing SEO maintenance and protective proper care

Contractors typically provide developing owners with in-depth reviews in regard to what has to be changed consistently and which roof covering pieces must be given particular attention or remain as a principal priority.

Among the most sophisticated roof companies have lengthy switched to promoting their assessment and maintenance business to on the web sources (as keywords and phrases in Google item listings for instance). If possible, many of these building contractors are designed for complementing your budget with work-flow and undertaking needs, in chillier weather some repair function might be postponed to hotter months as a result obligations can be stretched more than a longer period.

To fill the right area of interest in the marketplace, the companies have to find each small detail in their work to attract more customers for their business, when organization users and folks search for house fix or development related details on the internet, which is the principal car along with the reasons for Search engine optimization for your site articles filtered by Google, they will be comparing various business roofers in your community simply by entering particular look for conditions, so. Samples of these conditions could be concurrence with nearby design polices, great record or fix or building operate carried out in the community, just how the organization shines in comparison with other similar building contractors and what details about supplies, products, and labor the corporation places within their Google Ads and guide phrases for search engines like yahoo to select an inbound link for the contractor’s internet sites where website visitor can inform individuals who landed on the web page additional information about providers they give while giving greater comprehending towards the buyer why this industrial roofing organization is preferable to almost every other roofers that work in your area and why they should stay with this particular service and not work with other employees or depend on other company’s similar practical experience.

Home Decor

Guide to Hiring a Great roofing contractor Marietta GA

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Guide to Hiring a Great roofing contractor Marietta GA

Guide to Hiring a Great roofing contractor Marietta GA

Guide to Hiring a Great roofing contractor Marietta GA

Roofing contractor Marietta GA possesses an average life-span of around 15 years. You most likely are looking to have the roof repaired somewhat that exchanged when your roof structure is lower than fifteen years and you also have the roof covering troubles. If your roof structure is over the age of fifteen many years, it can be essential to acquire a new roof structure mounted. Whether you could require roof structure improvements, a re-roof structure, or even a new rooftop installation, it is wise to get an experienced roof specialist. A roofing contractor should be able to assess your roof’s problem, advocate the appropriate fix or replace, and employ the proper roof materials and make certain a specialist installation.

Before hiring roofing contractor Marietta GA Company, it is recommended to acquire recommendations and recommendations from family and friends. Even should you not possess testimonials, you should get numerous roof estimates before hiring a contractor. A roof structure estimate ought to be full and extremely comprehensive, containing specifics regarding the work to be done, the price of supplies and effort, as well as a timeline for that range of your function. The cleaning is in the price. That may be one more issue to evaluate. Or else this could be an additional price or something you have got to deal with on your own. It is essential to work with a skilled as well as to check-up around the credential of your roofing contractor.

Ask them just how long they’ve been in the roofing contractor Marietta GA Company

Examine the contractor’s table for just about any problems or lawsuits on submit. Be sure they have a physical street address. Many roofing companies, like other building contractors, are “fly by night” enterprises operating in essence out of their pickups. You will even find records of cons from this kind of type doing work for fake business identities without having an organization certificate or actual physical office. These unethical types job from their trucks and acquire funds from unknowing house owners. Roofing companies should also be effectively bonded, licensed and covered with insurance. This shields you, the homeowner, through the injury to your house throughout their job.

No matter if you decide on roofing improvements, a re-roof, or perhaps a fully new roofing installment, constructing enables is going to be essential to your city. Be sure the roofer you decide to work with is informed about the enables essential as well as together with the community building regulations. Inspections may also be most likely required for each creating code, probably before, throughout and soon after development finalization. Make sure the roofing contractor is complying with all of the restrictions. In case the roofing contractor is just not certified you could be responsible for injuries or required improvements to create the task to code, this is very important simply because.

As soon as you’ve decided on a roofer, be sure to get an agreement for the task being completed. This should again comprise of specifics of all work to be achieved, supplies price, estimated labor, and also the length of time to the work to be done. They should be supported in composing inside the commitment, which includes any information on the warranty if there are any guarantees supplied. Read through over the warranty meticulously to ensure that you are aware of the relation to the warranty. Don’t be afraid to inquire about the licensed contractor to clarify whatever you don’t recognize, and also to indicate something that you don’t see in creating. If you don’t feel the guarantee is enough to communicate your view and ask for extra amends for the warranty. Also, ensure clean up is included in the contract so that you will are certainly not bound to the extra value of cleaning. Some people might want to save some money by managing the tidy up them – that’s your decision to decide on the cost savings as opposed to work.

Epoxy Flooring/Flooring

What You Can Do With Resin

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What You Can Do With Resin

Almost everyone is aware of epoxy’s strong adhesive properties. This leaves us no reason to wonder why epoxy resins have managed to carve their niche in various residential, commercial, and industrial applications. When you want to convert your plain concrete surfaces into strong, durable, and beautiful epoxy flooring systems or you want to make decorative resin cabinet handles search for Epoxy Flooring Company New York City, you won’t have a hard time purchasing epoxy resins at your local hardware store for your upcoming project. 

Residential Applications for Epoxy Resins


When you buy a home, One of the most important areas in every home is the bathroom because we use it several times a day. Since people spend a lot of time showering and washing their hands in their bathrooms, there’s continual moisture in them. In case you’re not aware, constant moisture promotes mold growth and mildew and the dampness causes your baseboards to rot. Other moisture-related problems also include curling linoleum, as well as peeling wallpaper or more about linoleum at

What You Can Do With Resin

However, when you use epoxy resins to seal your bathroom floor against moisture, you won’t have to deal with these issues. Epoxy flooring solutions have the ability to keep the water from seeping into your flooring system. Furthermore, they also work to create a barrier that effectively resists mold growth and mildew. What’s more, you can also use epoxy resins on your baseboards and walls to keep them from rotting.

Pool Rooms and Pool Decks

One wrong step on a wet pool deck can cause a serious injury. If the hard concrete isn’t properly surfaced, the water from your pool can make the floor slippery and extremely dangerous. It’s best to use an epoxy flooring system that contains non-slip materials which can give more traction around the area. While you’re at it, you can also use epoxy resins to coat your pool rooms because the material can effectively protect them against bacteria build-up as well as moisture damage.You can keep the rooms locked, see


When it comes to flooring, most homeowners don’t spend much for their dens or basements because they tend to splurge on upgrades for their bedrooms, kitchens or dining rooms. That’s why it’s fairly common to see basements that look like they’re only half-finished – which is a waste of valuable space. On the other hand, using an epoxy flooring system for your dull-looking basement can quickly transform it into a lively and comfortable area where you and your best pals will want to hang out in.


You could never go wrong with an epoxy flooring system in your garage. Since epoxy floor coatings are able to stand up to wear and tear from constant heavy use and abuse, you won’t have to worry when you drop one of your tools on the floor or drag heavy equipment around. Plus, you can be confident that your epoxy floors can emerge unscathed after being exposed to surface abrasion, stains, impacts, heat, and caustic car chemicals. What’s more, epoxy floors are very easy to clean and maintain. You can keep them bright and shiny by using a soft cloth or a mop and a gentle cleanser.

Epoxy Flooring

Garage Floor Epoxy-Atlanta

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Garage Floor Epoxy-Atlanta

White living room with taupe leather sofa and glass table

If you want to make your garage looks clean and beautiful, then Best Boca Raton Pressure Washing  should be your pick. It doesn’t matter if you own a garage in a commercial locality or if it’s in your home. The high-quality ingredients that they use will make you love your space. You will not have to worry about dirt or dust and definitely not have to worry about grease or cracks. They are the market. We have no doubts about that.

The mixture that we use to coat the concrete surfaces contains a resin and a hardener that sticks strongly to the floor. This mixture is a latex acrylic mixture and as a result, it is way more effective and works in the long run than any normal paint found in the market. Garage floor epoxy still gives the same look as that of paint but it is not paint per se. The coating is denser than paint and has a longer life and sticks strongly to concrete surfaces.

You will find that our Garage Floor Epoxy has many benefits that will help you decide your buy, whether your garage is in a commercial area or residential. Our garage floor epoxy grants you the opportunity to make your garages come to life. You don’t have to worry about them looking plain and uninteresting. You can choose the design you like and make the whole space come together.

Garage Floor Epoxy-Atlanta

We also know that commercial garages can have an impact on the business. The customers that walk on it can feel like they are walking in a car showroom. So give your commercial garages in Atlanta, a look with our garage floor epoxy so that customers feel like coming back. You can have beauty and business combined.

Furthermore, you absolutely do not have to worry about the garage floor epoxy chipping off or cracking in places. Our moisture is so strong that it can withstand chemical spill and grease stains, even if they have been there for a longer period of time. Do not worry if the car’s brake fluid leaked. It will definitely not damage your posh-looking garage floor epoxy. You will not have to worry about any such stains.

If you are worried about the amount of dust that collects on your garage floors or the damage the powder shed by the concrete floor does, you do not have to do so. Just clean the dust with a mop and it will be good as new. Our floors are slip-proof and also reflect light. Moreover, it requires minimal to no maintenance and makes it an investment that you do not have to think about.

We also provide our customers with the fast and quick installation done by professionals who know what they are doing. So do not think about it more and just pick up the phone and call us.

Epoxy Flooring/Home Decor

Polish Concrete Palm Beach

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Polish Concrete Palm Beach

If you are looking for the best polishing concrete floor, you have selected the best company. Polish Concrete in Palm Beach have been polishing floors for more than 10 years. And due to this long time experience, we know every trick for giving a best polishing ever.  Now a days polished concrete are becoming very famous. The concept of using the existing floor in the home, commercial or industrial area to make it more beautiful affordable and durable.

If you installed the concrete floor on your home why don’t you polished it. Because it give a wonderful look. There are many house owners and industrial owners are installing concrete floors in their houses and industrial area. By doing polishing is the best possible way to make it more durable instead of any other alternative.

Polishing Concrete in Palm Beach is one the best choice on flooring because it has a vast range of purposes. Polished concrete gives you your floor the beauty, Durability, and very easy to clean the floor and easy to maintain the floor. Polished concrete contains a material that can easy be changed depending upon your selected design and your preferences in color. There are many colors, quarts are used in polished concrete floor can create a unique finishing. Click here to read more on the quality standards that we maintain.

Polish Concrete Palm Beach

Polished Concrete in Palm Beach is very cost effective and attractive way to have a beautiful floor at your home or installed in your commercial or industrial places. Mostly Polished concrete is used in retails stores, showrooms, offices, basements, warehouses etc.

Below are the few advantages of the Polishing Concrete in Palm Beach

  1. Resistance to Oil, Water and other stains
  2. Very Low Maintenance
  3. Long lasting and durable
  4. Enhanced beauty of the dull floor
  5. Awesome mirror like look

Polish Concrete in Palm Beach is specializing in polished concrete home flooring. A polished concrete flooring is most cost effective and practically good for home flowing. Polished concrete floor is long lasting and durable that it can bear heavy foot traffic and have longer life duration. It has very low impact of environmental change like sudden change of atmosphere like summer or winter.

As per our knowledge we know that our client are very busy in their personal life and in their professional life so after many years experience of installing stained concrete floor required a lot of maintenance, by seeing this,Polish Concrete in Palm Beach have created a number of polishing concrete methods which required a minimum amount of home flooring care. We offer our client our cutting edge technology for architectural polished concrete flooring. We offer many types of polished concrete flooring without any topical sealers three of them are as follows.

  1. Acid Staining Concrete
  2. Polished Concrete
  3. Dyed Concrete

Polish Concrete in Palm Beach is very environmentally friendly.  We can give you guarantee of the following points

is very environmentally friendly.  We can give you guarantee of the following points

  • No harmful chemicals used in polishing concrete flooring
  • Harder and stronger than other floors.
  • No Harmful Urethane and waxes used in polishing concrete floors
  • 20% increase in strength in floor. Can bear heavy impact.


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Whether you’re looking for a radio program that will give you answers to your Bible-based questions, television programs that deliver inspiring Bible studies and sermons, or encouraging articles from the Inside Report Magazing, you can find it all here. If you need to locate Radio or Television programs in your area, use our Rado and TV Station Locator. May the Lord bless you in your search for the truth! 

The Central Study Hour lesson is on-line. Each week enjoy a fresh insight into the study of God’s word. Dig deeper into the word like never before with these thorough Bible studies filled with Scripture and insightful commentary from Pastor Doug Batchelor and other Bible experts. Always informative and often stunning, your eyes will be opened every week to a brand-new understanding of God’s message to the world. Bible have mentioned about the purpose of government , To read more


Bible Answers Live Program

This exciting live interactive Bible study is now available each week on our web site.

Or listen as it is broadcast live over the internet every Sunday evening at 7:00 pm PST.

We are proud to make available to you 44 of the “Classic Radio Sermons“. These messages speak for themselves. They will inspire you and challenge your Christian experience. 

May God bless you as you listen to them. 


Press releases

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Press releases

Religion Press Release Services, A Press Release Distribution Service from RNS

Religion Press Release Services distributes press releases, press advisories, photos and other stories on behalf of religious organizations, denominational offices, think tanks, watchdog groups, advocacy groups, coalitions, foundations, colleges, universities, seminaries, publishers and others.

Press releases

The organizations and/or individuals who submit materials for distribution by Religion Press Release Services are solely responsible for the facts in and accuracy of their materials. Religion Press Release Services will correct any errors brought to its attention. Read on UK’s PM commitment to the freedom of religion .


Adventist Leader Protests Azerbaijan’s “Double Standard”

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Adventist Leader Protests  Azerbaijan’s “Double Standard”

BY VIOLA HUGHES, correspondent for the General Conference Public Affairs and Religious Liberty Department

Adventist Leader Protests  Azerbaijan's "Double Standard"

n the wake of further religious freedom violations in Azerbaijan, Adventist spokesperson Jonathan Gallagher protested the claim by the country’s religious affairs chief that the government officials were there to help.

“The religious double standard being applied by the Azerbaijani government in closing churches yet claiming to be ‘helping’ religious minorities needs to be challenged,” said Gallagher, an associate director of the General Conference Public Affairs and Religious Liberty Department (PARL) and liaison to the United Nations. Read more on Azerbaijan’s culture and religion.

“The illegal closure of an Adventist church, as well as the ongoing intimidation and harassment of many other faith communities in Azerbaijan clearly demonstrate the official policy towards religious minorities. Now we are being told to keep quiet and not report such violations. Such actions are clearly reprehensible and in clear contravention of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, to which Azerbaijan is signatory.”

In a Keston News Service report, Rafik Aliev, chairman of the State Committee for Relations with Religious Organizations (SCRRO), is quoted as warning believers not to complain. “Why do you complain to international organizations?” he asked. “We’re here to help you.”

Adventist Leader Protests  Azerbaijan's "Double Standard"

Pastor Ivan (Yahya) Zavrichko, leader of the Adventist church in Azerbaijan is reported to have responded, “He told us we shouldn’t write to anyone or complain or get them to exert influence on us as it would be useless.”

The illegal closure of the Adventist church in Gyanja on February 26 has brought widespread condemnation. The pastor called SCRRO members and provided full details of what had happened. One member even rang the local authorities and told them not to restrict Adventist activities. However, the closure remains in place and Aliev reportedly professes to know nothing of the incident.

PARL director John Graz visited Azerbaijan in December and spoke at a religious symposium. “Beyond our differences,” he said, “We have to build a better world for all. A world where everyone will be free to choose their beliefs according to the dictates of their conscience: a world where our children and grandchildren won’t be persecuted, discriminated against, or harmed because of their religion, color, or gender. For the moment, problems which motivated our visit should find a solution in constructive dialogue between religious minorities, the government, and the media.”

In his four-day visit Graz met with diplomats and government officials.

“It doesn’t seem as if they were listening,” said Gallagher, “since the Adventist church was shut down soon afterwards. With beatings, fines, and the confiscation of religious materials, we remain to be convinced of the statement that religious minorities are ‘being helped.'” 

Church Gives Hospital to Community 

The Seventh-day Adventist Church has given its hospital at Wabag in Papua New Guinea to the local Engan community.

Church leaders in Papua New Guinea voted in May of last year to give Sopas Adventist Hospital to the province on the condition that the province repay K427,000 owed to the church. The province deposited the money in a trust account held by the church’s lawyers in February this year.

A group of Engans are administering the 100-bed hospital on behalf of the province after reopening it on March 1. Signs bearing the church logo were removed, and “Adventist” does not appear in the new name.

Denis Tame, associate secretary for the church in Papua New Guinea, says he is “relieved” the issue has been resolved.

The closure followed the attempted murder of the hospital’s director of nursing, Francis Kup. Dr. Isaac Ogendi, one of two doctors at Sopas when it closed, tells of armed warriors surrounding Kup. “One threw an axe that narrowly missed him. Others were about to shoot him before miraculously changing their minds and firing bullets at our ambulance and bus.” Patients at the hospital “fled within two hours.”

The church moved the hospital staff to its local mission compound at Mount Hagen, “and they weren’t prepared to return,” says Tame. Students also received threats forcing the church to relocate the College of Nursing to Pacific Adventist University in Port Moresby, where it continues to operate.

Ogendi stayed at the hospital for two weeks under “extreme duress,” eventually leaving under armed police guard.

Tame is saddened the church no longer administers the hospital. “We did everything we could to keep Sopas open,” he says. “The attack on Francis–the culmination of many years of harassment–convinced us to close.” He stresses the hospital managed its funds appropriately. Dr. Percy Harrold, former health director for the church in the South Pacific, says many recognized Sopas as the best administered hospital in Papua New Guinea. “I hope, in the interest of better health for the Engans, the new hospital quickly achieves the same status.”

Ogendi encourages the church to consider opening another hospital. “Papua New Guineans will appreciate the church carrying on the Sopas legacy. I wouldn’t hesitate to work at a new church-administered hospital if asked.” 

French Pastors Convention Studies Baptism 

Tensions concerning how much a candidate should be taught prior to baptism led Adventist leaders from the South France Conference to bring pastors together to specifically study and discuss the issue.

The meeting, held at the Moulin de l’Ayrolle in January, was organized by Michel Guenin, Conference Ministerial Secretary. Invited speakers were Teofilo Ferreira, Associate Director of the Ellen G. White Estate and Richard Lehmann, Franco-Belgian Union Conference President. Together they lectured on baptism as it is found in the Bible, early Adventism, and in Ellen White’s writings. Participants were reminded of basic teachings on covenant, church, and the call and responsibility of pastors. Further emphasis was given to the need for new believers to accept and recognize Christ as their personal Savior. Such recognition enables them to understand and bear witness of their new birth, and water baptism thus gains full meaning for the candidate.

“Considering each individual’s Christian experience as different, no preset answers were formulated in a written statement as a result of the conference,” says Bruno Vertallier, president of the South France Conference. “The study was highly valuable for each pastor in attendance. This pastoral convention will certainly be followed by the fruits of the Spirit, as we endeavored to study and put in practice not only Bible teaching, but also Ellen G. White’s counsel on baptism.” 

Evangelistic Thrust in New York Targets Russian Population 

In early February, the Kulakov brothers–Mikhail, pastor of the Superior district in Wisconsin, and Peter, pastor of the Chapel West district in Indiana–fulfilled a long-held dream by holding evangelistic meetings for the Russian-speaking population of New York.

“Russian Nights in Manhattan,” the name given the program, was a series of 13 evangelistic meetings conducted in the Russian language targeting the approximately two million Russian-speaking people living in the New York City area. These meetings were part of a coordinated plan by the North American Division to reach out to the residents of New York City as they try to make sense of the tragic events of September 11, 2001.

“With the support of the North American Division and the Indiana and Wisconsin conferences which provided the funds, our dreams have come together,” Peter said.

The meetings were planned to appeal to the Russian soul. Peter explained, “When it comes to spiritual needs, the typical Russian person receives God through the beauty of worship, the beauty of nature, the beauty of music, the beauty of spiritual art, and the beauty of the poetic spiritual word; therefore, we felt that in our desire to communicate God’s love to them we needed to show sensitivity to that specific national trait.”

Most of the music was provided by Ecclesiastes, a well-known group of ten Adventist musicians from the former Soviet Union. Additional classical music was provided by members of the Russian professional musical community.

Extensive advertising included ads in the four Russian-language newspapers, on the Russian-language radio station, and on an influential web site for Russians in New York.

The meetings were held in the sanctuary of the Manhattan Seventh-day Adventist Church located near the southern tip of Manhattan. “One of the greatest challenges of our outreach was the great distance between the Russian-speaking communities and the church,” said Mikhail.

Because of these traveling concerns and the work schedules of the local people, about half the visitors could only come once or twice during the whole series. Attendance during the week averaged about 100 people, and on Friday and Saturday nights between 150 and 200. About 15 to 20 non-Adventists came each night. Each newcomer received a Russian Bible, a copy of Steps to Christ, and an introductory set of Bible lessons.

“We praised God for each new visitor and for the fact that despite all the cultural, religious, and entertaining events available to them in New York every night, these people chose to listen to God’s Word,” Mikhail said.

Ultimately, a new Adventist church will be planted in New York from the spiritual seeds sown from Russian Nights in Manhattan. A Russian group has been formed from those interested in pursuing the It Is Written Bible study course. Victor Dyman, the Manhattan Church pastor, and the elder of the Russian group in Astoria will follow up interests.

“This outreach in New York gave us all a new vision of what needs to be done for the Russian-speaking people not only in New York, but also in other parts of the United States,” concluded Mikhail.–Richard Dower/James Fox/Lake Union Herald 

News NotesDon King, president of the Northeastern Conference, was recently elected president of the Atlantic Union Conference. King replaces Ben Schoun, who was elected Adventist World Radio president.